The shift away from residential care occurred between 1941 and 1980 in the developed world, and the effects of institutionalization on a generation of children continues to be felt today.
As governments in Africa and Asia begin to understand the magnitude of this issue, there is a push towards creative solutions that keep children in families and out of the orphanage model.
Click on a country for recent news articles detailing the changes.
India tightens regulations leading 180 orphanages to shut down.
Rwandan Government phases out orphanages and encourages local adoption.
Ugandan Government partnered with civil society organizations to support alternative care.
Sudan Goverment shuts down orphanages.
Cambodian Goverment vows to crack down on orphanages.
Australian Government seeks to ban Australian students from involvement in orphanage tourism.