Heart BadgeLeading Causes of Child Abuse

  • Parents’ history of child maltreatment in their family during childhood
  • Substance abuse and/or mental health issues, including depression in the family
  • Parents’ lack of understanding of children’s needs, child development and parenting skills
  • Parental characteristics such as young age, low education, single parenthood, large number of dependent children, and low income
  • Nonbiological, transient caregivers in the home (e.g., mother’s male partner)
  • Parental thoughts and emotions that tend to support or justify maltreatment behaviours

Heart BadgeProtective Factors

  • Nurturing parenting skills
  • Stable family relationships
  • Household rules and child monitoring
  • Adequate income
  • Adequate housing
  • Access to health care and social services
  • Caring adults outside the family who can serve as role models or mentors
  • Communities that support parents and take responsibility for preventing abuse
Call To Action

Children deserve a life free from abuse.

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